glossary


apse [aps] A projecting part of a building that is usually semicircular and vaulted mainly in a bascilica.

architrave See entablature.

balk or baulk The vertical face of the wall of soil left around a trench or square - additionally the 3-foot wide walkway left around the sides of a square.

basilica [ba SIL i ka] An oblong building ending in a semicircular apse used in ancient Rome especially as a court of justice and a place of public assembly.

capital[CAP i tal] Topmost member of a column or other vertical support.

cardo[CAR doe] Main street running north-south on a city grid.

cuirass [kwi RAS] Defensive armour for the torso comprising a breastplate and backplate. They were originally made of leather.

entablature [en TAB la chur] The entire construction of a classical building between the columns and the eaves, commonly consisting of:

architrave The lowest division of an entablature resting in classical architecture immediately on the capital of a column; Horizontal beam which rests on columns or piers and which spans the space between them.
frieze [] (a) Member of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice; (b) any horizontal band enriched with relief or sculpture.
cornice [] Top projecting member of an entabulature.

Herod Antipas[HAIR od AN ti pass] Son of Herod the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee when his father died in 4 BCE. He was removed by the emperor Caligula in 39CE.

oecus [E cus] In an ancient Roman house, a room, especially a dining room, decorated with columns. The principle living room of a house.

square A 25-foot square excavation plot.

stratum or strata A layer of soil containing artifacts and debris representing a particular time and culture at a site.

stylobate [STI le bate] Course of masonry or pavement, common raised above ground level, on which a row of architectural columns is supported a footing for a colonnade,


Main Page | Activities | Making A Difference
Articles of Interest | Bookstore | Contact

2000 CenturyOne Foundation, Inc. a Nonprofit Organization All Rights Reserved.
All materials contained in the CenturyOne Foundation Web Site are protected by copyright and trademark laws and may not be used for any purpose whatsoever other than private, non-commercial viewing purposes. Derivative works and other unauthorized copying or use of stills, video footage, text or graphics is expressly prohibited.