apse [aps] A projecting part of a building that is usually semicircular and vaulted – mainly in a bascilica.
balk or baulk The vertical face of the wall of soil left around a trench or square - additionally the 3-foot wide walkway left around the sides of a square.
basilica [ba SIL i ka] An oblong building ending in a semicircular apse used in ancient Rome especially as a court of justice and a place of public assembly.
capital[CAP i tal] Topmost member of a column or other vertical support.
cardo[CAR doe] Main street running north-south on a city grid.
cuirass [kwi RAS] Defensive armour for the torso comprising a breastplate and backplate. They were originally made of leather.
entablature [en TAB la chur] The entire construction of a classical building between the columns and the eaves, commonly consisting of:
Herod Antipas[HAIR od AN ti pass] Son of Herod the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee when his father died in 4 BCE. He was removed by the emperor Caligula in 39CE.
oecus [E cus] In an ancient Roman house, a room, especially a dining room, decorated with columns. The principle living room of a house.
square A 25-foot square excavation plot.
stratum or strata A layer of soil containing artifacts and debris representing a particular time and culture at a site.
stylobate [STI le bate] Course of masonry or pavement, common raised above ground level, on which a row of architectural columns is supported – a footing for a colonnade,
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